Grundig AG, Fürth
After the Second World War, Radio Vertrieb Fürth as a predecessor of Grundig started producing home radios in a very small stage, the first set called the „Heinzelmann“ was sold as a kit, as producing radios in the German occupation zones usually needed a special permit of the military administration.
After an enormous growth of the company in the 1950s, Grundig introduced the Grundig Satellit 205 in 1964, it was their first world receiver in the typical Grundig portable radio design. The double conversion set Satellit 208 (1967-68) and the somewhat improved Satellit 210 (1969-71) each came with 8 shortwave bands with a drum tuner and bandspread of the shortwave broadcast bands in the respective range, SSB reception was possible with an external BFO add-on.
The Satellit 1000 (1972-73) and its successor Satellit 2000 (1973-75) with the horizontal arrangement of the turret tuner and bandspread dials were only slightly modified electrically and were characterised by the built-in power supply unit and a generously dimensioned AF section.
With the Satellit 2100 (1976-79), modern silicon transistors were used and the unit was equipped with rotary controls fore volume, bass and treble. Fundamental changes were made in the Satellit 3000 (1977-78) with the first permanently installed SSB section and digital frequency counter as well as 6 fixed VHF station buttons, the differences to the successor Satellit 3400 (1978-82) were almost purely cosmetic. The Satellit 1400 (1979-82) and the 2400 model with VHF stereo reception (1979-82) did not have a turret tuner and were equipped with a digital frequency display.
The only single conversion set in the satellite series was the Satellit 300 (1983-85), which used PLL synthesis and was much more compact & lighter than its predecessors, but offered disappointing reception performance. It was soon followed by the Satellit 400 in the same format & appearance but with double conversiontechnology (1986-89). It was then followed by the flagship receiver Satellit 600 (1983-85)/ 650 prof. (1986-91) with PLL synthesis, microprocessor control and, as an innovation, a motorised or manually tunable preselector; after frequency input via the keyboard, the preselector pointer rushed automatically to the correct dial point.
Next in the series were the Satellit 500 (1989-91) and 700 (1992-96), both compact PLL receivers which a synchronous detector, the latter could be equipped with ROM chips for memory expansion. The Satellit 900 was announced in the press, but only a few prototypes were made and production stopped due to production problems.
The Grundig satellite series was always targeted at the domestic market, only the later satellite models even got a marine radio licence. In the construction of commercial communication receivers Grundig never showed the same efforts as in the domestic radio market.